The distribution of animals and plants can be absolutely fascinating. While fossils may not interest everybody, the mammals that occupy our earth currently give us a wealth of information. This concerns climate and geological change, as their ancestors, and those who didnt make it, show us the details of the climate changes that concern us very deeply at this moment in time.
Cats, dogs, tigers and sharks, turtles, butterflies and beetles: take your pick. The danger is in every species we know becoming more and more uncommon. Habitat loss varies from wetland draining, damming and forest clearance to marine pollution, ice loss and mountain tourism. The IUCN at least keep us up-to-date on many animals and plants. Beware- you could be losing one of your local favourite species, and you never knew!
How can Paris and its future effects have anything to do with our endangered large birds and mammals? The answer is in a clever paper today that explains why we are losing even more of our forests than we thought. Preserve our fauna, our flora, their habitats and the niches they conserve and we will see more trees and animals that these ecosystems desperately need.
How often do we get to see a great ray in its natural habitat, especially in Europe. Here, you could visit an Italian nature reserve and get to know animals that compare with the giant mantas (almost.)
The future is talked about, the climate is changing, but when will we finally stop the rot. Forests are essential but from Japanese furniture to cardboard and toilet paper, they are still being used illogically and incomprehensibly by people who all know better. The time has come to prevent the disappearance of these trees and all the animals that live in, on and around them. This is a desperate time for us and all the other species around forests.
Conservation is not only about the big animals. The plants, their consumers and the rest of an ecosystem may not catch headlines, but involving them and indigenous populations is crucial to our last ditch efforts to keep these organisms alive in their habitat.
When they look back at us, will they laugh, or just point at achievements that led to a future of eco-living, wildlife management that works and fossils that belong only in museums.
Neonicotinoids have devastated the bee populations on all continents, but one way to fight this insidious neuronal and behavioural attack on our major pollinators is to investigate their most intimate genetic secrets and help them by understanding how they survive their natural threats. We could have made things much worse for animals, but we can also understand better now how to help them in so many ways. Those fruit orchards are going to be very empty if we dont.
The need to get pure bred animals back into the wild as well as create a genetic diversity from all available stock is emphasised in this exercise. Swedish crocs are being sent to their Cuban origins to help increase both survival and genetic stock.
The most intriguing species are often those that have adopted unusual shape and size as means to their special species needs. Stag beetles now appear to stand out as one of the most remarkable and numerous speciations from a basic model of battling males. Some species survive because flight is used as an alternative to walking those mandibular
horns are so heavy!
Do you choose the gorillas and the rest of the unbelievable wildlife in this most magnificent of African National Parks, or the petrol in your car? I know which alternative to chuck out of the forest, never to see the light of day again.
Lots of animals, their habitats and people were harmed before the production of these photographs. Without these records, we might imagine we were conquering our problems of pollution, climate change and habitat destruction. Not so.
The literal solution needed within the Aral Sea area is fresh water. While full regeneration is impossible, fish can indeed swim in this current desert and people can breathe dustless air once more, as money floods into projects that truly help, from energy to health and wildlife.
So does Vietnam rehabilitate its wildlife in reserves, or just sneak back and eat them later? It is a question that every international worker has to ask themselves in every corrupt regime, for every single expensive effort to improve lives and wildlife. It is our joint responsibility to improve the environment, but our partners must be suspect in many cases.
The survival of wild species in South America is critical to any world effort at conservation, while the sad state of many zoo animals and others there caused legislation to be introduced in 2012. Here we have a chance to help a magnificent effort to save both wild and other animals, foully-abused , but now only in the past, we hope.
The hopes for Kathmandu must be high in Asia, and elsewhere. Can the overwhelming demand in China for illegal, unhealthy and morbid bits of animals be slowed down? Money certainly has not brought pleasure to China in the case of these people. The poachers too must be punished and faced with ultimate force if they are not to make these iconic species extinct. Nepal can produce this effect, so perhaps military efficiency is the answer to the violence and money of the traffickers.
How often do we discover a new species, only to lose it? Many of the genus of these animals have already disappeared, as the dreaded fungal infections continue to decimate our amphibian around the world. Maybe the conditions of its natural habitat will enable this beautiful new species to survive. We can but hope!
The damage afforded by our emissions on changing the climate are compounded by large-scale pollution of the oceans and overfishing as if they are going out of fashion. And they are! The realisation here is that we are going to lose many more marine plants and animals than we thought, unless the stress of conservation shifts to less-known animals and plants.
To observe the cuttlefish or the squid is to see wonderful colour change ability. Maybe now, we can find out how exactly they use this ability in mating of deterrence of predators. Video has been used now to follow animals clandestinely, although one cam was noticed and ripped off by other squid!
How DO we save our nearest relative? The wild chimpanzee is far different from the tea-swilling and ultra-cute babies we are used to in various disguises. The existence of these populations in Africa echoes our own origins, but differently! To allow the fabulous gorilla or these bonobos and chimpanzee to disappear from our native Africa would be like allowing sand to slip through our despairing fingers. Stop the trapping and the logging. Immediate gain will not lead to any long-term advantage. We have lost most of the earth, so these precious animals and plants are just a dwindling reminder of the antics of ourselves and our ridiculous past.
Cats and dogs are our best friends. You know that saying about friends and enemies, though. We need to be aware of any risks, otherwise our Toxoplasma infection rate will rise from the 30% already recognised!
The conservation of are animals has many and varied techniques, some of which could be exclusive to one species. The maintenance of living sperm within the female body after mating is a device that is useful to ensure diversity. In this case, it could prove useful when the last living male shark is killed and a mated female still exists.
What to do with wolves? Are they any use and how dangerous are they? How can they be managed or do they manage wildlife themselves? Questions to be answered carefully and very fully.
To be truly green, there has to be a twitch of a wing in your garden, or a familiar long walk in the hills. Your lifestyle may be sustainable, but what is the point without native plants and creatures to lighten your mood?
The large whales are now almost considered as close relatives. We all regard them as conserved by our actions, apart from one or two nations. Now the need is to look at the smaller mammals, the almost-extinct, and those creatures who never get a look-in when the IUCN declare others as critically-endangered. Some species such as the whale can now function even as samplers of the species beneath them in the food webs. We can get some idea of other populations progress if we study the diet of certain critical animals. The plant kingdom have already given us information about dim and distant climates and still more will appear as technologies allow us access to information we urgently need about how the Earth works.
We need to protect many animals and plants throughout our domain, but the domain of other humans needs protection too, as we well know. Here is possibly the last totally isolated culture on earth, just about to be destroyed by poachers, unless we act to defend them from the disease and the desolation that our civilisation brings them
In racial discrimination, we have problems, but in birds it is all about the mating prospects of similar individuals. In this case, the stonechat has already successfully colonised many parts of the Old World over millions of years. Here is an insight into evolution of the song and the bird as it continues the selection and the speciations that have made it successful for so long. The nightingale is mentioned as a plastic song
Our humble attempt to stir interest in the most intriguing species on earth moves to the Mollucas. Wallace discovered more animals than almost any other explorer in the richly biodiverse islands we can now call
Wallaceana (Indonesia, Australasia and Malaysia.) What a man!
How can we cope with the burgeoning oil palm plantations. Instead of just complaining, here is one piece of evidence from the Journal of Applied Ecology . Perhaps some other organisms can survive in these nightmares for many almost-extinct animals and plants.
To find evidence of how speciation can happen when there is an obvious bio-geographical boundary should be simple. This represents a first, however, for a group colonising New Guinea and evolving a greater size in several instances. The ancestry of these New Guinea geckos, large and small, has been well-traced.
To live in the heavily industrialised coastlines of the world must be hell. These animals that do survive have already coped with the worst that life or humans can throw at them. Even if we manage to save these Brydes whales, will they survive the fish diet we have contaminated for them?
Any new species that is discovered is worth our time and effort to conserve. This mammal has been climbing in the Andean forest since the Incas kept them. We missed a lot of animals up there, as nobody lives in the remote area any more. Now we can make up for any Inca maltreatment, or reconcile with what may have been a cuddly pet!
World Rhino Day needs some action to reverse the situation that all species find themselves in. The thoughts of everybody have to be directed towards preventing the loss of animals and the use of rhino horn.
With 2014 rhinos killed for their horns since January, the South African rhino is on its way out. We have to use emergency measures to stop the poaching, while Vietnam and other importing countries are responsible for preventing all their illegal wildlife trading. So far, little has been done-only one horn shipment has been stopped recently.
The fate of sturgeons around the globe is under discussion Endangered all, they represent an important, as well as a commercial, link to our past. If we allow such large species to simply disappear, then there is no hope for any smaller animals and plants, as we plod towards a sterile and deficient landscape for all humans who appreciate life the way it is.
Life is changing. Now we can have a garden on our roof, but the wildlife and energy-transforming possibilities are really building up. I doubt if youll like some of our ideas here, but there may be some way you can imagine a green roof being of benefit and fitting in to your local landscape.
We gaze at the beauty or stand aghast at the horror of different insects. You have to admire the way in which their tiny but numerous bodies challenge successfully against larger animals as well as to help the Angiosperms to achieve their own mastery of the plant world on land.
The white-tailed eagle, the dormouse and the large blue butterfly are all threatened. But not by extinction. The threat comes from ill-equipped government who are going to cling to a list of alien plants and animals that is so far out-of-date, Darwin would have laughed. People would then be allowed to exterminate species like this on their land.
The animals and plants of the primary forests are those we are desperately trying to save. Their habitats are the primary forest, whether taiga or tropical. To conserve those myriad habitats, these policies and actions are recommended for immediate use by you, the people who can turn the tide and keep the last 5% of the once-great green forest.
The first drawing from a child or a real image of something resembling one of the first animals with legs. Hallucigenia is such an appropriate name of a creature for all of our dreams.
There aren't many large forest animals in Europe, but the lack of forest is the main reason for that. Is it possible that more forest losses will take place because of the great storms cause d by climate change, the wildfires caused by global warming or the increased infection of many species by fungi?
While politics plays a part, peoples hearts and minds are a much more important local cog in the process of building conservation, industrial, afforestation, eco-tourism and educational change into the environmental perspective.
International Tiger Day: The remaining 3,200 tigers from 6 sub-species are lucky to be free, but also suffer severely from human interference and frequent attack. It is our job above all to ensure that the distinct tigers are able to breed and reproduce the animals that can survive in their 6 distinct niches. Without help, I'm afraid there is no future whatsoever. The Far East is responsible for huge losses of tigers (elephants, bears, sharks and rhinos, too) and "breeding programs" have to be curtailed when they are obviously simply selling tiger parts. Awareness and ultimate protection will all contribute to a successful defense of these last of the really big cats.
Why must we hunt and make extinct those animals we know need conservation and, better than that, protection of all kinds? Bolivia hunts the giant ant eater and theyre extinct in Costa Rica and Uruguay. These habits of old have to die, or there will be nothing left in places where there should be a highly saleable diversity.
We need help to preserve the fantastic variation found in some areas of the world, alongside a full-blooded conservation effort for all plants and animals such as the widespread but unique Echidna here!
We need these forests to retain some of the remaining carbon. We need these trees so that biodiversity around them remains. We need these animals to represent something of the old earth, that used to work as an entity. We need to act very very quickly.
We have one success with one of the most important wildlife sites on earth. Lets move on from the Virunga with more knowledgeable executives and more support generally for these rich habitats that are now so few in number.
What a turn up for the book. The Arctic fox didn't evolve from Eurasian or North American relatives. Instead, the climates of the Himalaya and Arctic were at one time similar enough to encourage migration in several animals. This species of fox must now be counted as related to an extinct animal that adapted thousands of kilometres away to mountainous terrain that resembles its present niche.
What can we make of the revelations on how species are really related to each other - or not? Big business will certainly cash in on the wool or any wool substitute alternative, just as spider silk is building into a stiff competitor. We all benefit from the science that informs, with Open wherever possible, and creates almost automatic advances in our culture. The sheep has been with us from the beginning of settlements and still looks likely to give us information on how we have eaten and kept warm and how domestic animals have changed, not always for our convenience.
The rare animals of this word need government legal protection and local people involved in their conservation and that of their habitats. Tourism is only one of the benefits that comes from successful work, theres also the huge pride in being the only people to have such a beast!
The Sumatran problem where people and industry are always given priority over natural ecosystems is reaching a climax, as the last vestiges of tropical forest go under thee axe. apart from the smoke pollution hanging over the burning, the animal species involved are among the rarest large animals anywhere. It's incredible that local interests can still prevent national government and international organisations from trying to conserve these precious areas still left.
The study of marine turtles is linked with tagging of many other animals, but if we lose these leatherback giants of the seas, we will have lost a species that can relay how conditions millions of years ago influenced even bigger turtles and of course every other species that existed at the time.
How did social behaviour evolve, and why do we see it in so many animals, no matter what level of taxonomy they are found? Spiders, sticklebacks and insects, birds, mammals and reptiles are all involved in complex social interaction.
When we study insects and birds in the air, or other animals in water, the interest often lies in how they can change their locomotive effort in order to counteract wind or currents. The use of computer modelling can also add the extra benefit of prediction of movement under various conditions.
The intricacies of life bamboozle us daily. When it gets down to social animals and those that associate with them, the fascination can be really endless.
One group of sloths made the quite unlikely shift to water, possibly because of a drying environment in the Miocene. This clever paper shows how they coped with a marine life, just like early whales, by adapting their bone compactness. Our pygmy sloths on the Panamanian island of Isla Escudo de Veraguas are the most recent speciation, around 9,000 years ago. These guys were several species on a sea trip!
Attenborough is at it again. His latest is a series starting Tuesday which relates the stories of animals that survive unusual situations.
When you want to count how many rare animals are out there, remote cameras have come into their own. Now even the spy in the sky can help, with the first study of a whale species that has been having high mortality problems with its calves.
Ways to improve our environment vary from cutting everything down to leaving corridors for animals and plants to penetrate. This study recommends really trying to encourage riverside vegetation. It achieves the complexity that we miss so often in anthropogenic landscapes.
How do marine animals cope with raised acidity in the sea? We have to study how adjustment can work, if species are able to adjust to future levels at all.
So will global warming affect your garden or the wild animals and plants around you? The answer is now clear, as more and more results appear around the earth, from drought and flood to simply warmer summers.
We can catalogue all the live and some extinct species on earth. The sooner we know all those insects and marine creatures, the quicker we can deal with conservation management in the most efficient ways possible.
Fish diversify into thousands of species, especially cichlids in African lakes. Mammals and birds can show equal diversity sometimes, so it would be intriguing to find more vertebrate classes subjected to investigations such as these, proving some genetic matches for lost and current animals we want to know more about.
How the lion and the tiger were related to American lions, the jaguar and several extinct species fascinates to the point of absorption. These are legendary, iconic animals whose presence on the planet has always caused us to admire their adaptations and abilities. And to fear their tremendous power, of course.
The sea levels in ancient America seem to have been one of the factors responsible for the isolation and speciation of magnificent beasts in Utah - and then their migration across continents.
Who says theres no excitement, these days. Simply find an isolated stretch of forest and get yourself out there to see if the animals that live there are different from other species. Of course, youll need a doctorate involving the study of the species involved and plenty of funding, and a good camera, and somebody who can cook up some good tucker, and great boots, and tracking devices, and---. Well maybe stay home for now and just read about somebody else doing it!
New methods of promoting conservation are very much needed, as turtles approach extinction for some species. The golfers are among those who could easily give a lead in helping out endangered animals, or even those plants on the links!
When oil money contaminates Africa, it has produced no improvement in the lot of local people. In perhaps the most spectacular of wildlife 'locations' on earth, it is time to draw the line and pull out all the stops that conservation has.
Worldwide, even the obvious and large animals are in danger, never mind the tiny and inconspicuous species, such as the tapir. How on earth can we manage to restrain our own species from the careless and useless destruction of habitat that is the basis of almost every extinction?
Why not rediscover your enthusiasm for every animal on earth? While we concentrate on wildlife, the love of life easily stretches to farm animals, our pets and, of course, the mistreatment that some creatures, both domestic and wild and free, suffer from human interference.
A simple summary of some small creatures, missing out some such as the flies and beetles, because I know there will be new discoveries around the corner!
All the animals on earth deserve a better fate. We have made them extinct and rare in so many cases. Now is the time to make some amends by at least listing, as perfectly as possible, the entirety of their species.
Sumatran male orang-utans make their intentions clear in this paper on behaviour that makes planning one of those details that makes some animals different.
Evidence is needed for the survival of many critically endangered animals when they disappear from our sight and reappear many years later in situations such as the open ocean or the dense tropical forests. Conservationists desperately need to know how they can be helped through their young stages and brought back from the brink of extinction.
It might seem disappointing to fond that your Atlantic orcas dont have the speciation evident in some Pacific pods. However, the great find here is that populations almost certainly have to be physically separated, as well as having different niches, in order for a new species to be evolved.
When we look at the cultures that use the goat as a symbol, an icon or simply as an image of domesticity, we begin to understand just how long people have used animal species as an integrated part of their lives. The animals also changed to suit us.
The marvels of African wildlife, followed by other continents, as Iain Stewart points out the tectonic reasons why life has assumed its rich variety of shapes and sizes.
The ways of the world mean we lose rare species frequently these days. What we havent so far realised is they are the very plants and animals that keep us going!
When Chinese people eat scales of pangolins, they are destroying several species of a unique and precious mammal in the forest food web. Vietnam has begun the slow process of re-education and also getting the animals back into a depleted number of habitats.
The naming of some sea-slugs is plagued with aged specimens that seem to have become extinct and poorly understood relationships, even between the common species. Here is a valiant and successful attempt to sort out these beautiful animals.
Pesticide use in increasing with a concurrent loss in the abundance of many animals. Here, a Dutch team discover some new correlations between the two.
The bottlenose dolphin is the key species to check if strandings and live animals have different stomach contents. This study confirms they have not, which leaves the field clear for extremely valuable research on rare species.
A new study has been published on how environmental change effects the evolutionary process. The question of whether speciation is a quick process or a cold unending and slow bore is nearing an answer.
The world population of mountain gorillas has increased to 880 individuals, according to the latest census data released by the Uganda Wildlife Authority.
Do lots of packs of wolves exist in an ideal habitat, with fewer wolves away from this centre of a geographical area?
The interminable expansion of oil palm plantations in the Far East is the cause of carbon emissions, climate change and loss of wildlife habitat.
The rhino is one of the most endangered animals in the world. Poachers using sophisticated methods kill enormous numbers for their horns, which are thought by Chinese medicine advocates to have medicinal properties. This has been proved to be untrue and since it is impossible to stop the poachers, the only hope for the rhino is to persuade users of rhino horn that using it for medical treatment is a futile exercise.
From orang-utan to giant catfish, the exotic animals of Asia are just about the most endangered, and loved, on earth.
New research on elk shows two different personality traits - the 'bold' and the 'shy'. University of Calgary, the University of Alberta and the University College, Dublin publish their paper on elk, and artificial selection by hunters.
An island is often a haven for speciation but many mainland species have developed to be endemic in isolated areas too. A new study compares rates of species turnover on Caribbean islands and the Neotropical mainland.
A new study into African Grey parrot intelligence using acoustic association. While several animals now appear to almost equal the apes in intelligence, conclusive proof was needed.
Banning the lion trade, stopping lion poachers and trophy hunters. Lions have always been victims to poaching and game hunting for egotistical humans who can only affirm their value by boasting trophy killings as a display of their dominion over all other animals.
International Animal Rescue help suffering animals such as slow lorises. The slow loris is a species affected by the illegal pet trade, poachers catch them and remove their poisonous teeth. Marta and Willis were the first attempt by IAR to rehabilitate slow lorises and return them back to the wild.
Springwatch is back on TV and the wildlife webcams are now live. So the nuthatch and the mole, the worm and hopefully maybe the mole cricket will be up for it and leaping into the capable cameras of the BBC Natural History unit.
Satellite tagging is becoming fascinating in some animals, none more so than the endangered bluefin tuna. 132 juvenile tuna fish were tagged and implanted, then followed for four years.
Study looks at the impact of artificial light on the environment. Light pollution can be just as severe as any, given its immense significance to living organisms, their physiology, behaviour, reproduction and predator - prey interactions.
Conservationists are often accused of prioritizing 'cute and cuddly' animals over les glamorous species. For their part, some conservationists argue that harnessing the potential of 'flagship species' such as gorillas, tigers and pandas does far more good than harm. Tackling this issue for 'The Earth Times Asks' series of debates are Helen Buckland and Nathan Yaussy.
New research done on giant honey bees (Apis dorsata). New study highlights the genetic difficulties of working with animals that mate with many partners (polyandry).
Scientists have approached the community of plants and animals that builds in a natural habitat from a novel direction in a new study. Using caves as isolated, extreme habitats for a community, they worked out whether the organism's niche acts as a mechanism to keep the community operating in an ecosystem.
Peregrine falcon and osprey lay eggs in Scotland. Lady of the Loch (and partner) plus a pair of Peregrine falcons have laid eggs confirmed by the Scottish Wildlife Trust.
The Wildlife Conservation Society says it plans to do all it can to protect some of the world's most endangered freshwater turtles and tortoises.
The Burgess Shale fossils are one major example of the Cambrian carbonaceous compressions of small bodied animals in mud.
Modelling and hydrodynamics. If locomotion drove evolution in the same way as it seemed to drive the industrial revolution, ignoring the efficiency of an animal's metabolism, these models of marine animals could almost be the real thing.
A new collaborative report has been compiled to help promote offshore renewable energy developments in New York State, while protecting fish and birdlife.
A new study has shown how co-managed fisheries prove quite successful. To protect fish stocks from overfishing co-management schemes have been evaluated by the Wildlife Conservation Society and various universities.
Is animal-free meat a real possibility? We eat meat and always have done, but a revolution is slowly taking place to end cruel factory-like conditions that some animals, large and small, suffer. There is need for a meat that can be produced cheaply and, here's the crunch, how about animal free.
A new study looks at how water habitats affect the dispersal ability of animals. The hypothesis tested is if dragonflies and damselflies are able to adapt more quickly to recent climate change where the water is still or lentic.
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnakes are being killed by a rare fungal infection seldom found in wild animals, says a wildlife vet. Chrysosporium is killing the endangered snake in America.
Three new wildlife sanctuaries, created in the giant Sundarbans mangrove forest, in Bangladesh, will help protect endangered Irrawaddy and Ganges River dolphins.
For three species in the family Notthenioidae, a bleak outlook once again threatens. Climate change is about to deal a double evolutionary deal on a group of Antarctic animals that have adapted well to the icy environment only to lose out to global warming.
Mummified 30,000-year-old bison bones have been used to help scientists discover clues about how animals adapt to rapid climate change.
Illegal wildlife products include live rats, chimpanzees and monkeys (bushmeat), but meat from these creatures is also imported. At risk of infecting humans are the RNA viruses, herpes viruses, retroviruses and many other potential health problems.
There is nothing more delightful than waking in South East Asian forests to the gibbon dawn chorus, but South America Howlers and African Colobus seem to compete more loudly. In an intriguing and difficult investigation by Anne Schel and Klaus Zuberbuhler, communication in animals reports a dawn chorus from insect, amphibian and bird.
The second part of The Earth Times coverage of the Conference of The Wildlife Society taking place in Waikoloa, Hawaii this week, written by Dave Armstrong.
In Waikoloa, Hawaii this week, there is the most remarkable collection of sessions and workshops. Whether eco-freak or mountain (wo)man, we can all regard with awe this mix of science, policy and wildlife management which is the US. Wildlife Society. This the first part of The Earth Times coverage of this event, written by Dave Armstrong.
East Winch Wildlife Centre in King's Lynn, Norfolk and three other RSPCA centres save thousands of animals at each location every year as RSPCA hospitals. Research on success of seal rehabilitation began with a desire to measure the effectiveness of returning the animal to the wild.
If you can keep out of sight, don't mind darkness and leave no trace when you're dead, you too could be a zombie worm. After a few million years, we now have a way to detect the presence of these intriguing animals on fossil whales - otherwise known as bone worms.
Documentary featuring Prince of Wales premieres on Travel Channel. Wild Carpathia is a stunning documentary about a little-known part of Europe. Romania has a huge virtually-untouched area of mountains almost the size of Britain.
Expanding across North America with European settlers, the coyote has helped push out the wolf population and now the animals are showing signs of cross breeding which could wipe out the genetically distinct wolf.
Top news headlines, stories and issues from the environment world this week up to October 14th 2011. Topics this week include conservation and wildlife in the UK, North Sea oil drilling, arctic ice and the oil spill in New Zealand.
A strange explanation is given for a puzzling arrangement of Triassic era fossils. It could seem strange to apply the word 'artistic' to a Triassic creature but an in-depth examination of Ichthyosaur fossils has renewed the general confusion about what happened to the animals on display at Nevada's Berlin-Ichthyosaur State Park.
The Kilombero Valley in Tanzania is home to over 350 species of plants and a wide variety animals, many of them endemic or threatened with extinction. It also contains an important bird community, including three endemic species, namely a weaver bird and two species of Cisticola.
The Tasmanian Devil, an animal with a ferocious reputation is fighting for its life against an infectious cancer that is now beyond culling control according to a new study. While culling of diseased livestock is a relatively common agricultural practice, it remains controversial where wild animals are concerned.
The journal Science has given US states the green light literally. Where any native species is not under any special protection, there is an obligation for conservation. Because wildlife is not owned, all citizens and therefore the State concerned must act, according to the public trust doctrine.
Nearly 400 species of southeastern U. S. aquatic plants and animals have been proposed for review by the U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service, to determine if they warrant protection under the Endangered Species Act.
Action on rhino poaching in South Africa is putting more criminals behind bars for longer, but to protect these threatened animals, WWF says Asian governments need to act to cut demand too.
Scientists are worried that a disease that has caused damage to wildlife in North and South America could travel to the Galapagos Islands via mosquitoes hitching a ride with visiting boats and planes.
Award winning Tui Nature Reserve Wildlife Park is not only a stunning place to enjoy your holiday but we have created a show case conservation project where we've set up a predator control programme without the use of poisons. This is a time consuming process but we've enjoyed the help of many young volunteers from all over the world.
Observant scientists have discovered a rare example of animal hybrid speciation, in the forests of the Appalachian Mountains in the eastern United States. The creature in question, the Appalachian tiger swallowtail butterfly (Papilio appalachiensis), is the genetically unique result of the union of two related butterflies.
Another important body in the Chinese medicinal community has come out strongly against the use of rhino horn in traditional remedies. The Register of Chinese Herbal Medicine has put out a statement condemning the practice, which may go a long way to shifting attitudes, and reducing demand for the horns of these endangered animals.
A paper out in Science suggests that both conservation and farming could benefit by living separately - while still being good neighbors. Sharing the same land in a more mixed landscape, by contrast, appears to leave wildlife and food harvests worse off in the long run, the team from the University of Cambridge and the RSPB conclude.
Researchers from the Wildlife Conservation Society have good news about one of the world's rarest crocodiles. Twenty critically endangered Siamese crocodiles have hatched in a zoo in Lao PDR, representing a significant step in the successful conservation of this species.
The Environment Agency has named the top 10 most improved rivers in the country - changed from industrial dead zones to thriving wildlife habitats. Britain's rivers are the healthiest for over 20 years and otters, salmon and other wildlife are returning for the first time since the industrial revolution.
United States landowners have a key role to play in the protection of endangered American wildlife. That's one of the key messages to come out of the recent award by the US Government of $53m in grants to wildlife projects.
$11.6 million to clean-up Lake Ellesmere, the most polluted lake in New Zealand, but how effective will it be? Lake Ellesmere, in the Canterbury region of the South island and the fifth largest in the country was noted for the levels of pollution, damaging indigenous wildlife and its ecology, in a report last year.
A new study in Science shows that the natural world moving three times faster to the poles, away from the tropics, than expected. Climate change is blamed, say the researchers, and not all species can keep up at that rate.
WWF, the wildlife charity, says the decision by the body which monitors illegal trade in endangered species to close the doors on its discussions over the ivory trade risk harming the body's credibility.
The WWF is reporting that the Irrawaddy dolphin population in the Mekong river is on the verge of extinction. Irrawaddy dolphins could disappear from the Mekong river if action is not taken soon. That's the message from the World Wildlife Foundation (WWF), having conducted 11 studies of dolphin populations in the area between 2007 and 2010.
Cats in the Australia shire of Christmas Island are now legally required to be de-sexed, tattooed, and micro-chipped for registration and further importation is no longer permitted. This is considered to be the first step in controlling the long-term impact of stray and feral cats for the protection of local wildlife.
A place to escape to, a place to see the beauty of the natural world; Kangaroo Island is a very special ecotourism destination. Words really do fail to describe the beauty of this island. Kangaroo Island, fondly known by many as the Galapagos of Australia, is a pristine wilderness that is home to a vast amount of animals that are native to Australia.
CITES convention examines effects of trade on at-risk species like long-tailed macaques, sharks, and several snake species. Unsustainable wildlife trade not only devastates local ecosystems, it also causes great suffering to individual animals and can introduce invasive species that damage ecosystems abroad.
A paper out in today's Current Biology has described how the path lined with gold - rich in natural resources - can distract animals from completing their journeys between fragments of endangered habitat. Sometimes it is better to lay paths narrow and rocky, to encourage pollinators, such as hoverflies, to keep moving between stranded natural habitats.
Cross-country conservation is the key to successful wildlife preservation. A new publication shows that conservation is most effective when it is carried out collaboratively, across country borders. Conservation projects involving neighbouring countries increase the benefits to wildlife and bring help to conserve large areas of natural habitats.
The Wildlife Conservation Society takes steps to protect a newly discovered population of snow leopards in Afghanistan. Snow leopards are doing well in a wild corner of war-torn Afghanistan according to the Wildlife Conservation Society published in the Journal of Environmental Studies.
A survey has been launched to identify the best rivers in the UK for wildlife, with support coming from a wide range of environmentalists including television broadcaster Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall. The Our Rivers campaign, run by WWF, the RSPB, the Angling Trust and the Salmon & Trout Association, aims to assess the damage done to wildlife by the poor state of many rivers.
The first comprehensive assessment of tuna and billfish has put 5 of 8 tuna species on the Red List for threatened or endangered animals and the IUCN is warning that Bluefin tuna are particularly vulnerable to vanishing, without the closure of fisheries. The report, out today in Science puts part of the blame on the higher prices of the remaining numbers of tuna and marlin.
British Conservative MEPs were instrumental in throwing out an EU report that goes against the wishes of their party's national government says WWF-UK. The European Parliament voted not to follow the recommendations of an EU report that called for a 30% reduction from 1990 levels in greenhouse gas emissions by 2020.
Rats to be eradicated from unique bird sanctuary in remote part of the globe. Britain's Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB) in partnership with the US Fish & Wildlife Service and other nature conservancy projects is funding a world-leading mission to Henderson Island in the Pitcairn Islands.
A minute species of water boatman has been shown to be able to 'turn up the volume to 11', and so out-shout all other animals in the noise-making department, according to a study being presented the Society for Experimental Biology annual conference. At 99 decibels, the mating call of Micronecta scholtzi blasts out louder than elephant or whale, when body weight is taken into consideration.
Central London's birding expert talks conservation, kestrels and keeping the public happy as he takes The Earth Times on a wildlife-themed tour of Regent's Park. Arguably the last place you'd think of if you were asked to name London's top havens for birds but the figures don't lie: last year alone, some 124 species of birds were spotted either just feeding or nesting in the Royal Park, among them ospreys, little owls common terns and peregrine falcons.
Careful location of renewable energy developments may reduce impacts on birds and bats. Biodiversity Research Institute (BRI) has established a new wildlife and renewable energy program to study and understand the movements of birds and bats and to assess the potential interactions between energy facilities and wildlife.
Despite a decade of conflict in Afghanistan, the country's wildlife is holding on. A new survey carried out by Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) scientists has shown that large mammals are surviving in some areas of Afghanistan after ten years of conflict.
Online resource provides mapping tool to see where protected fish and wildlife live and blossom. A new interactive map has gone live online in Washington helping to keep track of populations of fish and wildlife deemed to be at risk of changing habitat and falling numbers.
Governments need to act quickly and in concert to direct private enterprise towards the clean technologies needed for a greener future says world wildlife charity. Enabling the Transition - Climate Innovation Systems for a Low Carbon Future, calls for concerted action from governments, working together to back the private sector in developing clean technologies.
An old tree can support dozens of different nesting animals and birds who don't have the woodpecker's powers. Trees are a good thing for the environment right? Well, yes, but replacing old with new is bad news for a multitude of creatures that rely on the ravages of time to help them make a home in the trees.
Whales swimming near the Californian coast have increasingly become victims of hit-and-sail accidents, as shipping crowds into the important marine sanctuaries there. Now conservation groups have filed a petition with the US Department of Commerce, asking for a speed limit to halt the sea-lane carnage.
Several US airports are taking steps to ensure that they protect precious wildlife habitats at times when they are making increasing demands on land. The latest one to be recognised is the St. Lucie County International Airport, which was awarded the Regional Director's Conservation Award from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Southeast Region.
Tools helping to map the tiger's habitat and protect numbers. Project Tiger is run by Indian wildlife and forest management officials. Its aim to produce a 'tiger atlas' alongside a 'tiger habitat population evaluation system'.
The department tasked with protecting the Texan environment is doing its bit to reduce its own impact by installing solar power at many sites, the scheme also hopes to inspire others to follow their lead.
Help safeguard the future of fish and other marine wildlife by using the Marine Conservation Society's Good Fish Guide. It can be overwhelming keeping up with all the changes needed to support a more sustainable and environmentally friendly future, but the Marine Conservation Society has made it a little bit easier.
The city of Brantford, Ontario, has captured the attention of the world by becoming the first city in Canada to call a halt to the trade in shark fins. The World Wildlife Fund estimates that around 73 million sharks are killed every year, mostly for their fins. The majority of the fins are taken using barbaric methods where the shark is thrown back into the ocean alive and without its fin.
A new plan released by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service aims to coordinate management of white nose syndrome, a deadly disease killing bats. The plan provides a framework for investigating and responding to white nose syndrome, outlining who is responsible for which activities, and how they will coordinate their efforts.
A bold vision for U.S. forests, but scientists are worried. After a 90 day public review period, more than 300,000 comments from people across the U.S. have urged the administration to develop a more direct policy on how to manage national forests.
The world's two largest economies have announced cooperation on fisheries and greenhouse gases. They hope to stop unregulated fish stocks from going on sale, monitor the management of threatened species and to reduce the toll of protected marine animals like sea turtles.
Predatory male black bears are responsible for more deaths than female bears. An article in the Journal of Wildlife Management reports that the majority of fatal bear attacks on people are carried out by lone male black bears. Perhaps more significantly, the report also suggests that these attacks are on the increase.
Bog turtles, tiny fen-dwelling reptiles found at scattered sites in the north-east and eastern US, are being hit by a mysterious decline in numbers. Now the Wildlife Conservation Society (WSC) has partnered with other wildlife agencies to track the scope of the problem, and try and find out why North America's smallest turtle is coming under renewed threat.
''This year's report brings attention to the importance of public lands and waters for conserving America's wildlife and habitats.'' The recent release of the 2011 State of Birds report has given new insight into the welfare of America's bird populations, as well as the status of wildlife and conservation efforts.
Gray wolves have lost their protection in parts of the United States after their numbers made a recovery, a move that means they can be hunted again. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service has removed Endangered Species Act protection from gray wolves in the northern Rocky Mountains, including Idaho, Montana, eastern Oregon and Washington, and northern Utah.
Wildlife pressure group WWF has warned that more than 230 million hectares of forest could disappear by 2050. The Living Forests Report argues that policymakers and businesses should unite around a goal of zero net deforestation and forest degradation by 2020.
In a wildlife spectacle, a massive aggregation of over 300 humpback whales followed the biggest swarm of Antarctic krill seen in twenty years into bays in the Western Antarctic peninsula. The humpbacks were gorging on swarms of the tiny shrimp-like crustaceans. Almost all life in the Southern Ocean is ultimately dependent on the protein-rich crustaceans, from seabirds, seals and penguins, to the filter feeding whales.
In historic move on Friday, the US Fish and Wildlife service removed endangered species status protection from gray wolves in five US rocky mountain states. Wolf hunts are already planned in Montana and Idaho, where the animals are blamed for attacking livestock, and a decline in elk numbers.
According to an April 2011 report released by Greenpeace, the earth's oceans are in jeopardy due to the devastating effects of overfishing and bycatch. DThe report's findings indicate that careless industrial fishing practices continue to be a large part of our ocean's troubles, and are now responsible for reducing populations of ecologically vital animals like cod, sharks and tuna by up to 90 percent.
With the one-year anniversary of the BP Deepwater Horizon Gulf oil spill disaster looming in the near future, the National Wildlife Federation (NWF) has released a report written by senior scientist Dr. Doug Inkley that details the current state of both the wildlife and the wetlands in the region. Although the report's findings indicate that some species have begun to show signs of recovery, many others are still in peril and will require the help of legislators, conservation groups, scientists and regulatory bodies in order to survive.
A renewed campaign to encourage consumers and campaigners to save the Cerrado, being destroyed twice as fast as the Amazon Rainforest. Because of a generation of destroying the land to plant crops for European consumers, and eradication of wildlife and plant life at twice the rate of that in the Amazon Rainforest, conservationists fear it could disappear within two decades.
New funding to clean rivers and waterways to boost wildlife. The funding represents the start of a four year programme to tackle pollution, invasive weeds and removing redundant man-made structures like dams and weirs that inhibit the growth and development of natural wildlife.
Melting sea ice, brought about by climate change, could be forcing two species of caribou nearer to extinction, according to wildlife campaigners. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service has responded to the claims about the Peary caribou and the Barren-ground Caribou by launching a review of their status.
Conservationists may be taking a second look at how close to extinction some animals are, thanks to scientists who have spotted important differences between how male and female bats feed. They found that female bats feed in completely different areas to males. The females prefer to hunt specifically in aquatic habitats, such as lakes and marshes, but males hunt in a broad range of areas, including rivers, cities and farmland.
Chantelle Houghton appeared dressed as a salad in London last Thursday (24.03.11) to promote the vegetarian lifestyle. The former 'Big Brother' contestant and model wore only lettuce leaves styled into a dress to front a campaign by People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals, encouraging the public to stop eating meat.
New techniques have shown that groups of dolphins are separated by environmental factors which are starting to produce new species. Conservationists from the Wildlife Conservation Society, the American Museum of Natural History, and other conservation and research groups found that currents are among the factors preventing dolphin mixing in the western Indian Ocean.
Chemicals tested on worms may be of use in human medicines say a team of American researchers, and it's a major breakthrogh in designing new drugs. Scientists at the University of California, San Francisco have found a new way to understand human obesity in the unlikeliest of animals - the traditionally long and thin worm.
Climate change is having a bigger effect than previously thought on bird species. There is no doubt that climate change is affecting many ecological events, such as flowering and reproduction seasons in animals. In the case of birdlife, there is growing evidence that this effect is particularly profound.
Human waste-tips some 5,000 years ago helped to build south Florida's tree-islands, new research being presented at today's American Geophysical Union's Chapman Conference shows. As the waste piled up, the ground became raised enough for trees to colonize - and then stabilize - these island wildlife sanctuaries in the Everglades' Shark River Slough.
Wildlife campaigners have welcomed a decision by the Vietnamese government to crack down on the illegal extraction of bear bile for tourists. The news comes after the World Society for the Protection of Animals' (WSPA) recently published a report highlighting the practice, which occurs because the bile has medicinal applications.
The wreckage of a cargo vessel that has grounded off a South Atlantic Island is causing an impending environmental disaster, threatening one of the world's most endangered penguins. 1500 tonnes of heavy crude oil has spilled into the sea.
Although large animals in French forests are responsible for a certain amount of damage, they also are effective in contributing to plant diversity. They discovered that one plant, the gypsy flower, was not found at the time of the original survey and only began to appear in 1981. It is now widespread, particularly in areas most frequented by large forest mammals.
Zoos around the world are being asked to team up to shelter and breed endangered animals as a form of biodiversity insurance. The research found that between 20 and 25 percent of endangered species of mammals are already kept at the zoos and just a slightly lower figure for birds. However, the concern is that the species that are facing an acute risk of extinction are not so well represented.
According to new research, untrained Barbary macaques are able to differentiate between pictures of familiar and unfamiliar faces. Scientists discovered that the monkeys were able recognise photographs of group members, and spent more time studying pictures of animals that were not part of their social circle.
Chinese scientists report that eating apples extended the lifespan of test animals by 10%. Apples are traditionally associated with health. Most of us will be familiar with the saying, said to originate in 19th century Wales, that ''an apple a day keeps the doctor away''. Many of us will also be familiar with Prince Ahmed's apple in Tales of the Arabian Nights that was said to be ''the cure for every disorder.''
Celebrate U.S. flora and fauna during National Wildlife Week, 14-20 March. ''Walk, Climb, Run and Leap your way into celebrating National Wildlife Week!'' That's the message from the National Wildlife Foundation. They want Americans to get out and celebrate the amazing wildlife diversity in their country, whether it's panthers in Florida or monk seals in Hawaii.
Description: Sea stars are among marine animals being fenced off genetically by plumes of pollution flowing into the sea. That's the conclusion of a genetic study on Californian sea stars by a pair of scientists at the University of Hawaii. Filed in enviromental issues: pollution/conservation.
Spring is sprung, the grass is green and a 60 year old albatross has a new addition to her brood! At 60 years old, Wisdom, a Laysan albatross, is the oldest wild bird known in the U.S. First recorded in 1956 as she incubated an egg, Wisdom has seen it all - from the first man on the moon, to the fall of the Berlin Wall and beyond. Filed under environmental issues: Wildlife/Nature.
Pamela Anderson has travelled to Israel to discuss animal rights in the nation. The former 'Baywatch' actress - who is a worldwide ambassador for the People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) organisation - praised the Israeli people for their "progressive" views on animal rights activism.
American trophy hunters are an increasing threat to lions, a coalition of wildlife charities reports. The coalition of wildlife charities demonstrated that trophy hunting by U.S. hunters is a serious and growing threat to African lions. They state that between 1998 and 2008, 64 per cent of wild lions traded international for trophy hunting were imported to the U.S.
Endangered Great hammerhead sharks have been tracked by satellite into the North Atlantic for the first time by scientists at the University of Miami. The animals are under threat from shark finning operations who prize them for their large fins.
The critically endangered Siberian tiger has an effective population of just 14 animals - that's the worrying conclusion of a recent study into these stunning cats. The Siberian tiger, also known as the Amur tiger, is the world's largest cat. Previously it ranged far across northern China, Korea and south eastern Russia. In the early 20th Century the Siberian tiger was driven close to extinction through poaching and habitat loss and was wiped out from 90% of its once large range.
A new site from the Smitsonian, called Smithsonian WILD, gives public access to hundreds of thousands of wildlife research images from around the world. The Smithsonian has collected over 202,000 striking images from wildlife researchers around the globe in a new publicly accessible collection.
Almost a year later, the oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico is still affecting wildlife. An unusual increase in the mortality rate among dolphins on the Alabama and Mississippi coasts is being reported this week. At least 24 dolphins have died since the beginning of the year, the majority of which have been infant dolphins, either aborted or stillborn during the calving season.
The longstanding connection between nature conservation and hunting and fishing in the US has been confirmed with the announcement of a $749 million fund for wildlife projects. US Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar said that the money was coming from excise tax revenues generated by sportsmen and women and would go to state and territorial fish and wildlife agencies.
A real conservation success story, a new elephant census in Kenya's Tsavo ecosystem shows numbers increasing despite ivory poaching and a prolonged drought in the area. The Earth Times spoke to Patrick Omondi, senior assistant director of Kenya Wildlife Service (KWS), who co-ordinated the elephant census, which is held every three years.