How can we make sure that tiny new species with newly-discovered populations are not predated by novel predators, run over by bulldozers or simply forgotten about during developments? The answer needs to be found from the Amazon to central Asia, Africa and Australia. And who can say that we don't all need to check the other wild places, even near our cities and waste sites?
It might seem disappointing to fond that your Atlantic orcas dont have the speciation evident in some Pacific pods. However, the great find here is that populations almost certainly have to be physically separated, as well as having different niches, in order for a new species to be evolved.
A new species of eelpout has been discovered in the Kermadec Trench. The eelpout is named because of its long body, but it's actually in the perch group, related to the little blenny or the large ocean pout.
Pegomastax africanus, a new species of tiny plant-eating dinosaur under two feet long has been found from South African fossils.
Discovery of a new species of monkey in the Democratic Republic of Congo, described as lesula or Cercopithecus lomamiensis.
4 new species and a new genus of cuckoo bee have been discovered on the Republic of Cape Verde islands. Cuckoo bees, as their name suggests, quietly find their way into the hives of other bees and arrange the rearing of their own brood.
Paucidentomys vermidax, a new species and genus of rodent has been discovered in the the rainforests of Sulawesi, Indonesia. The new rodent species has lost all its molars, only retaining incisors.
A new species of jelly? Well of sorts; Medusoid, the artificial jellyfish. Medusoid is a piece of silicone and some bits of heart muscle and is named after the sexual phase of jellyfish.
Species may be disappearing at a worrying rate, but that doesn't stop science from trying to catch up with the planet's bizarre and wonderful remaining inhabitants. Here are ten of the most amazing new species discoveries for last year, as chosen by the International Institute for Species Exploration at Arizona State University.
Papua New Guinea is lizard heaven. A new species of gecko has been discovered in Papua New Guinea, the bumblebee gecko (Nactus kunan) named after the geckos bee-like colouring.
Fossils from a new bird-like dinosaur species have been discovered in Patagonia. At 70 million years old, 'Bonaparte' or Bonapartenykus ultimus has fascinated palaeontologists and closely resembles Patagonykus.
A new species of feathered dinosaur has been discovered by palaeontologists in China. Yutyrannus huali or 'beautiful feathered tyrant' is the largest feathered dinosaur species discovery to date.
A new version of the scalloped hammerhead shark (Sphyrna lewini) has been found. Almost certainly a new species, the fish has been hidden among the endangered scalloped population.
A recent study published information about the proclaimed King of wasps, Megalara garuda. The male Megalara garuda is over 3cm with huge jaws, thought to be used when grabbing the female when mating.
New family of tailless burrowing caecilian tetrapod amphibians has been discovered, but Chikilidae have no legs.
Cute chameleons created in genetic isolation. New Species of Miniature Leaf Chameleon (Brookesia micra) discovered in Northern Madagascar. On a small islet to the north of Madagascar, four new species of chameleons have followed the Malagasy trend and gone miniature.
Eels are among the most successful of all fish groups, and that extends back through time to the evolution of the bony teleosts themselves. The new species was named Protanguilla palau, complete with a unique family and genus.
Crocodiles and their relatives the crocodyliforms, go back a long way. A skull has been discovered from 95 million years ago. This new species find, Aegisuchus witmeri (Shieldcroc) seems to suggest the real origin of the ancient crocodiles was the Tethys Sea between northern Laurasia and Gondwanaland.
The latest rapid assessment of new species from Suriname has struck gold in the form of wonderful new species and many numerous specimens of otherwise rare creatures and plants.
The latest 2011 State of Observed Species (SOS) report is out. All of the species discovered in 2009 (19,232), whether fossil or living, extant or almost extinct in some cases, are all there.
Two new species of frog discovered in New Guinea, one the smallest vertebrate yet. One small step for Paedophryne amauensis is a giant step for the evolution of the tiniest vertebrate footprints anywhere.
Valentin Fischer of the University of Liege, with several others, including Darren Naisch of the School of Earth Sciences at Southampton University, have illuminated the dark recesses of ichthyosaur biology with the unveiling of a new species.
The whale itself is an incredible find, a new species, to be named after its origins as Aegyptocetus tarfa. Both Philip Gingerich of University of Michigan and Giovanni Bianucci of Universita di Pisa believe that 40 million years ago, this amazing link was hauling itself in and out of the sea at a time when these mammals were still semi-aquatic.
Personally speaking, a new species always delights the soul and two new stingless bees can't get up anyone's nose. David Roubik of the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute thinks that changing sea levels brought a 'new' bee to western Panama before Coiba and Rancheria were separated from the mainland, presumably after an Ice Age.
An expedition to some of Tibet's remotest and most inhospitable country has yielded a wonderful result in the shape of a previously unknown giant woolly rhino fossil. At 3.7 million years old, it's also the oldest woolly rhino ever found by some distance, predating the previous earliest find by some 1.1 million years.
A three-week expedition through some of the unexplored remnants of Amazonian rainforest, in Brazil's Mato Grosso state, has uncovered a wealth of nature - including a brand new species of monkey. The new member to the titi monkey family was discovered alongside new species of fish and plants, all in a part of the Amazon where most of Brazil's deforestation is happening.
WWF announced that scientists have found over 600 new species in Madagascar between 1999 and 2010. Species evolved on Madagascar that are found nowhere else. In addition, there is a high diversity of habitats found on the island, from coral reefs to spiny forests.
Scientists have discovered a new species of mouse that is thought to be around 9 million years older than other species and to have migrated from Asia in to North America. On the expedition team members Palaeontologist Yuri Kimura, from the South Methodist University (SMU) in Dallas, identified the new species of birch mouse from 17 tiny fossilised teeth.
A new species of large, land-based, carnivorous crabs has been described in toady's PloS ONE - found all over the Hawaiian Islands. The catch is that they have been extinct for a thousand years - tipped into an early demise by newly arrived Polynesian colonists.
A new green pit viper has been found by scientists working in the forests of Southeast Asia. An undiscovered species of snake, which has been called the ruby-eyed green pit viper, was found nestled into a tree branch by researchers studying snakes in Southeast Asia. They captured the stunning creature in a photograph which has been used to help identify it as a new species previously unknown to humans.
New techniques have shown that groups of dolphins are separated by environmental factors which are starting to produce new species. Conservationists from the Wildlife Conservation Society, the American Museum of Natural History, and other conservation and research groups found that currents are among the factors preventing dolphin mixing in the western Indian Ocean.
Scientists have discovered two large species of stingray living in Amazonian basin in Peru, Ecuador and Brazil. The 80cm diameter, 25 kilo pancake-shaped beasts were found in the deeper channels of the river. Marcelo Rodrigues de Carvalho, ichthyologist at the University of Sao Paulo in Brazil was lead scientist and published his results in the journal Zootaxa.
A new species of dinosaur, Brontomerus, literally 'thunderthighs', has been found in a quarry in Utah, USA. Named for it's extremely large thigh muscles, the larger than elephant-sized beast may have used them to kick fight predators or rivals.
Cryptozoology is the study of 'hidden' animals. Those animals that have never previously been recognised by the scientific community and rediscovered animals that were thought to be extinct but show up again, often unexpectedly, in their original habitat.
Scientists recently dining at a restaurant in Vietnam have come across an undiscovered species of lizard being cooked up for dinner, Leiolepis ngovantrii.